Jun 214 min read

8 Forts in India Every Architect Should Explore

written by

Team Kaarwan

India boasts a rich history of monumental architecture, with its forts standing as silent witnesses to the glories, victories, and defeats of ancient rulers. For enthusiasts of historical architecture, a visit to these majestic forts is akin to stepping back in time, experiencing the grandeur of bygone eras.

Here we've put together a list of the top 8 forts in India that you must visit!

1. Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan

Known for its remarkable 36-kilometer-long walls, the Kumbhalgarh Fort in Rajasthan holds the distinction of being the second-largest continuous wall in the world, surpassed only by the Great Wall of China. Its imposing structure and strategic location make it a symbol of Rajasthan's rich cultural and architectural heritage, attracting visitors from around the globe.

Image source: klook

2.Gingee/ Senji fort, Tamil Nadu

Situated atop three hills, the Gingee Fort in Tamil Nadu is one of the oldest surviving forts in India. Its sprawling triangular layout and formidable structure bear testament to its historical significance. The fort's strategic location and architectural splendor make it a popular destination for history enthusiasts and tourists alike, offering a glimpse into Tamil Nadu's storied past.

Image source: outlook

3. Daulatabad Fort, Maharashtra

The Daulatabad Fort boasts concentric lines of defensive walls adorned with numerous bastions, symbolizing its strategic importance in ancient times. Perched atop a hill, the fort offers commanding views of the surrounding landscape, serving as a testament to Maharashtra's rich cultural and military history. Visitors to the fort can explore its labyrinthine passages, ancient structures, and impressive architecture, immersing themselves in centuries-old tales of valor and conquest.

Image source: Aurangabad Tourism

4. Lakhpat Fort, Gujarat

Nestled in the historic trade town of Lakhpat, the Lakhpat Fort is enclosed by imposing 18th-century walls spanning over 7 kilometers. Its architectural grandeur reflects its erstwhile significance in trade and commerce. The fort's strategic location along trade routes and its imposing architecture makes it a captivating destination for history buffs and travelers seeking to delve into Gujarat's rich maritime heritage.

Lakhpat fort, Gujarat Breath taking forts of India that you must visit!.jpgImage source: go2india

5. Qila Mubarak, Panjab

Dating back to the Kushana era, the Qila Mubarak in Punjab is steeped in history, housing the prison of Razia Sultana, among other notable features. Its architectural marvels, intricate carvings, and rich historical significance make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and architecture aficionados alike. Visitors can explore its sprawling complex, uncovering layers of Punjab's vibrant past and cultural heritage.

Qila Mubarak, Panjab Breath taking forts of India that you must visit!.jpgImage source: architecturaldigestindia

6. Thalassery fort, Kerala

Perched on a rocky cliff overlooking the Arabian Sea, the Thalassery Fort in Kerala is a testament to British colonial influence, boasting a strategic location and a tunnel leading to the sea. The fort's unique blend of colonial and indigenous architecture, coupled with its picturesque surroundings, makes it a popular tourist attraction in Kerala. Visitors can soak in panoramic views of the coastline and explore the fort's intriguing history and heritage.

Thalassery fort, Kerala Breath taking forts of India that you must visit!.jpgImage source: Kerala tourism

7. Gandikota Fort, Andhra Pradesh

With a storied past spanning various dynasties, including the Kalyani Chalukyas and the Golkonda Sultanate, the Gandikota Fort in Andhra Pradesh stands as a testament to the region's rich heritage. Its rugged terrain, ancient structures, and panoramic vistas attract history enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike, offering a glimpse into Andhra Pradesh's diverse cultural and historical legacy.

grand-canyon-of-india Breath taking forts of India that you must visit!.jpgImage source: TripAdvisor

8. Bidar Fort, Karnataka

Home to palaces, monuments, and structures dating back to the Bahmani Sultanate, the Bidar Fort in Karnataka is a treasure trove of architectural marvels. Its sprawling complex, intricate carvings, and historical significance make it a must-visit destination for history buffs and architecture enthusiasts. Visitors can explore its well-preserved structures, immerse themselves in the region's rich history, and marvel at its architectural grandeur.

bidar fort, Breath taking forts of India that you must visit!.webp

Image source: OYO

India's forts not only showcase architectural brilliance but also serve as repositories of cultural and military history. These majestic structures have witnessed the rise and fall of empires, chronicling tales of valor and conquest. 

Each fort bears unique features and architectural styles, reflecting the diverse cultural influences prevalent in different regions of the country. From the imposing walls of Kumbhalgarh Fort to the intricate carvings of Qila Mubarak, these forts offer a fascinating glimpse into India's rich heritage.

Beyond that, many of these forts have undergone extensive restoration efforts to preserve their historical integrity and cultural significance. Government initiatives and private organizations have collaborated to safeguard these monuments for future generations, ensuring that they remain accessible to visitors and researchers alike. 

Through conservation projects and heritage tourism initiatives, efforts are being made to promote awareness and appreciation of India's fortresses, fostering a deeper understanding of the country's past and fostering cultural exchange.


It would not be wrong to conclude that the existence of the earliest forts has been documented and excavated through time and their reigns show the victory in battlefields and cultural and vernacular sense in their built design.

These were some important points to remember while learning about the robust Forts of India. Stay tuned for more information on other significant topics in the AEC industry, and follow Kaarwan for such detailed guides!

Team Kaarwan

Team Kaarwan

Since graduating from IIT Roorkee, we've been on a mission to democratize education through affordable online and offline workshops and courses. These equip students with architecture industry-relevant skills, boosting their employability across the Indian subcontinent.