Jul 242 min read

8 Golden Elements of Traditional Indian Architecture

written by

Bhoomika HS

India has a long history of varied cultures, traditions, languages, rulers, and religions. This has resulted in a multitude of architectural ideas, influences, and styles (most of them centuries old) that have evolved from different parts of the country.

Here are some common intersections of a few of those diverse ideas, and how they have found a space and are making an impact even in modern homes.

1. Backyards

Apart from cleaning, sanitary activities, and drying purposes the backyard space has seen a gradual yet persistent shift in use and has further been defined as a retreat and recreation space provided with or without a separate entrance.

good earth backyards 1.jpgImage Source: Houzz

2. Sloped Roof

Initially, sloped roofs were designed to help rainwater runoff and prevent water stagnation, and they protected the internal living spaces from harsh climatic conditions. The use, functionality, and design have drastically changed over time, still staying true to its very purpose!

sloped roofs 111.jpgImage Source: Houzz

3. Sustainability in Construction

Using resources, building techniques, and materials that are local, natural, and economical can bring in elements of sustainability in construction and the overall built environment.

Laurie Baker- Thatched Roof Eco Tourism Cottage Resort Construction in Rajasthan123.jpgImage Source: Surfaces Reporter

4. Built-in furniture

Built-in furniture is actually a very subtle way of including niches, shelves, seating, and alcoves. It not only adds to the design and aesthetics but functionally as well it's an innovative idea too!

corridor seating space in 111.jpgImage Source: Houzz

5. Shading systems

Like jaalis and chajjas/ jharokhas, multiple shading systems have seen progress in design strategies in terms of aesthetics while still being true to their function. These help provide protection against heat and rain.

rztutu.jpgImage Source: STIR world

6. Non-cluttered layout

Prioritizing visual and spatial privacy and planning proportion is equally important as much as making spaces clutter-free. Be it for one house or for a layout plan as a whole, strategizing and planning non-cluttered layouts are important.

non cluttered housing layouts.jpegImage source: Common floor

7. Verandas

Apart from its aesthetic value verandahs not only promote a sense of direction to receive guests but also restrict the free movement of outsiders into the space.

verandah designs in india.jpgImage source: Pinterest

8. Courtyards

Spillover spaces and light wells with proper drainage outlets can also team with aesthesis and good ventilation benefits for planning internal spaces. Internal courtyards are good examples to show internal circulation, recreation, aesthetic and functional usage all in just one space,

Courtyards-with-water internla.jpgImage Source: Home Designing

In conclusion, the golden elements of traditional architecture encompass a rich tapestry of cultural heritage, sustainability, craftsmanship, spirituality, and a deep connection to the environment. Preserving and understanding these elements can inspire contemporary architecture and urban planning, leading to a more harmonious and sustainable built environment that respects both our history and our future.

Bhoomika HS

Bhoomika HS

This article has been written by Bhoomika HS, team Kaarwan. She is on a journey to find her voice, through her writing and inner joys!