architecture
Jul 172 min read

How to Design Parkings: Everything you need to know!

written by

Aishwarya Bomble

Parking design in architecture holds immense importance in terms of accessibility, user experience, safety, space efficiency, integration with the surroundings, sustainability, and regulatory compliance. Taking these factors into account, allows architects to create parking facilities that are functional, visually appealing, and contribute positively to the overall design and experience of a place.


Types of Parking


90° Parking

  • Also known as perpendicular parking.

  • The biggest disadvantage is that turning to park the vehicle is tricky without risking other vehicles

90.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


Parallel Parking

  • It is majorly common in busy streets and tight spaces.

  • Fitting a car in a parallel parking space is the most challenging activity for any driver.

parallel.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


45° Oblique Parking

  • It can accommodate more vehicles compared to parallel parking & 30° parking.

  • The vehicle is easily maneuverable as it does not require making a sharp turn while parking.

45.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


30° Oblique Parking

  • Occupies maximum space compared to other types of layouts.

  • It offers better maneuverability and reduces delays caused by the driveway.

30.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


60° Oblique Parking

  • Its advantage is it takes up less space & enables cars to maneuver in & out with ease.

  • Used when there are space constraints but need easy maneuverability

60.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


Oblique Parking is the most preferred choice to save space, for easy maneuverability, to avoid traffic & risk of harming other vehicles. 45° parking is a normal or most-used layout.


Standard Dimensions

Parking spaces are usually outlined by 12-20 mm wide yellow or white painted lines.

dimensions.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


Turning Radius

Turmimg radius.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


Standards for Specially Abled

  • Surface parking for min. two car bays shall be provided near the entrance for the specially abled with a maximum travel distance of 30 M from the building entrance.

  • A vertical signboard shall be provided at the bay at a height of 2100m with easy visibility.


specially abled.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble


Mechanical Parking

A car lift is a simple mechanical parking mechanism that can be installed to replace the function of ramps, normally because they are impossible due to lack of space or to provide extra parking in public spaces.


mechanical.pngCredits - Aishwarya Bomble

Parking Areas

Here are Equivalent Car Spaces (ECS) according to the National Building Codes

ecs table.png

Stay tuned for more information on other important topics in the AEC industry and follow Kaarwan for such detailed guides!

Aishwarya Bomble

Aishwarya Bomble

An architect who is always on the go to share stories of her countless journeys.